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So What Is Framing?:x

Framing carpenters build and repair structures made of wood or wood products. They typically begin work early in a project, constructing what becomes the framework for the rest of the building. Framing carpenters are part of the larger profession of carpentry, and are often simply referred to as carpenters. Their work on a project may include more than the basic frame of the building. Other components needed in construction may also be built by framing carpenters.

Job Functions

Framing carpenters precisely measure, cut and assemble the framing lumber needed to build residential, commercial or industrial buildings. You could work on new construction, remodels or additions to existing structures. A set of plans — typically blueprints — guide you in constructing the project. Framing carpenters also work on bridges as well as steel or concrete structures. In these projects, you build scaffolds, frame interior walls or construct forms into which concrete is poured. Much of this work is performed outdoors in all kinds of weather. You often have to travel between several job sites, which may be separated by long distances.

Skills Required

Framing carpenters must be able to lift and carry heavy objects, such as framing lumber, sheets of plywood and other building materials. You must also understand math functions and calculations involving fractions. Framing carpenters work from sets of blueprints, and must know how to read and interpret them. Building codes, on-the-job safety and basic first aid are types of skills taught through school or apprenticeship programs.

The Basic of Framing Carpentry

Whether you are framing a wall or framing a door, framing any structure correctly is an extremely important task.  If the walls are not square or plumb, or if the joists are not straight and level, every subsequent phase of construction will suffer for it.  Doors and windows won’t hang properly.  Drywall, roof decking, and trim work will be difficult to work with, etc.

1) Floor Joists

2) Concrete footing

3) Studs

4) Header (non-load bearing)

5) Header (load bearing)

6) Rafter (roof truss)

7) Ceiling Joist (roof truss)

8) Double top plate

9) Bottom plate

10) Window rough opening